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Evolutionary Stability of Linguistic Politeness and the Politeness Equilibrium Principle

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dc.contributor.author Muehlenbernd, Roland
dc.contributor.author Żywiczyński, Przemysław
dc.contributor.author Wacewicz, Sławomir
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-15T10:10:50Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-15T10:10:50Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation The Evolution of Language. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the Evolution of Language (Evolang12), pp. 329-331
dc.identifier.isbn 978-83-231-3991-1
dc.identifier.other DOI:10.12775/3991-1.079
dc.identifier.uri http://repozytorium.umk.pl/handle/item/5203
dc.description.abstract Unlike many facets of language – phonology, syntax, semantics or even prag- matics – linguistic politeness (LP) has attracted little attention of evolutionarily minded researchers. We think that this lack of interest – apart from a few isolated attempts (van Rooy, 2003; ̇ Zywiczy ́ nski, 2012; Wacewicz et al., 2015; Pleyer & Pleyer, 2016) is not dictated by a peripheral status of LP for the description of language, and especially for language evolution. LP is a universal characteristic of languages (cf. Brown & Levinson, 1987) but its specific markers are subject to considerable cultural variation, a combination of features that makes it an interest- ing target for evolutionary modeling. Next, LP is first and foremost a set of inter- actional strategies, and hence naturally lends itself to rendering in game-theoretic terms (cf. Quinley, 2011). In this paper, we take a game-theoretic approach and make a case that LP can be subsumed under a more general explanatory principle: disalignment of interests. This is formally expressed as the Politeness Equilibrium Principle (PEP), whereby the more disalignment there is between the interests of Speaker and Hearer, the more LP Speaker needs to use to offset the imbalance. Furthermore, we present a game-theoretic model to show that the use of LP pre- dicated on the PEP forms an evolutionary stable system.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Poland
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/pl/
dc.subject language evolution
dc.subject language origins
dc.subject politeness
dc.title Evolutionary Stability of Linguistic Politeness and the Politeness Equilibrium Principle
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart


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