Why do owls have it worse? Mediating role of self-perceptions in the links between diurnal preference and features of mental health

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dc.contributor.author Gorgol, Joanna
dc.contributor.author Stolarski, Maciej
dc.contributor.author Nikadon, Jan
dc.date.accessioned 2023-11-14T13:37:53Z
dc.date.available 2023-11-14T13:37:53Z
dc.date.issued 2023-11-14
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Sleep Research, 2023, e14100
dc.identifier.other https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.14100
dc.identifier.uri http://repozytorium.umk.pl/handle/item/6939
dc.description.abstract Recent research provides evidence for the negative social perceptions of evening chronotypes and their consequences on mental health. However, there is a lack of studies indicating whether these negative, socially shared beliefs may become internalized in negative self-perceptions of evening-types (E-types). The present article provides a seminal empirical analysis of the role of self-liking and self-competence in the associations between chronotype and both depressiveness and well-being. In the first part of the study, the participants completed the Composite Scale of Morningness. On the basis of the chronotype cut-off criteria for Composite Scale of Morningness distribution, 100 individuals were classified as morning-types (M-types) and 66 individuals as E-types. Therefore, 166 participants (80 women and 86 men) aged 18–36 years (M ± SD: 29.27 ± 4.81 years) took part in the second part of the study, and completed questionnaires measuring self-liking, self-competence, life satisfaction, positive and negative affect, and depressiveness. Results show that E-types scored lower in self-liking, self-competence and subjective well-being, and higher in depressive symptoms than M-types. Controlling for age and gender, we obtained significant mediation effects, showing that the relationship between chronotype and subjective well-being might stem from the lower levels of self-liking and self-competence among E-types, and that the relationship between chronotype and depressive symptoms might stem from the lower level of self-liking among E-types. Our results suggest that self-liking and self-competence are important antecedents of lower well-being and higher depressiveness reported by E-types. Socially shared stereotypes of M-types and E-types can be internalized by the extreme chronotypes, which may significantly affect their psychological health.
dc.description.sponsorship The study was supported by the National Science Centre in Poland under Grant 2021/41/N/HS6/01903, awarded to Joanna Gorgol.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 Poland
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.pl
dc.subject chronotype
dc.subject depressive symptoms
dc.subject self-competence
dc.subject self-liking
dc.subject self-stigma
dc.subject well-being
dc.title Why do owls have it worse? Mediating role of self-perceptions in the links between diurnal preference and features of mental health
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

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