Ludność dawnego Torunia w świetle badań antropologicznych

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dc.contributor.author Kozłowski, Tomasz
dc.contributor.author Krajewska, Magdalena
dc.contributor.author Mucha, Natalia
dc.contributor.author Wojciechowska, Adrianna
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-08T07:10:56Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-08T07:10:56Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07-25
dc.identifier.citation Archaeologia Historica Polona, Vol. 24, pp. 285-317
dc.identifier.issn 1425-3534
dc.identifier.other doi:10.12775/AHP.2016.013
dc.identifier.uri http://repozytorium.umk.pl/handle/item/4582
dc.description.abstract Wiedza na temat stanu biologicznego średniowiecznej i nowożytnej ludności Torunia jest wysoce niewystarczająca. Niniejszy artykuł stara się tę lukę nieco wypełnić. Badania oparto głównie o materiały osteologiczne pochodzące ze stanowiska 114 przy ul. Wały gen. Sikorskiego w Toruniu. Przedstawiono ogólną strukturę płci i wieku zmarłych, charakterystyki kraniologiczne oraz zrekonstruowaną wysokość ciała. Podano wartości częstości niektórych markerów stresu oraz zmian patologicznych.
dc.description.abstract The paper presents a general anthropological characterization of early Post-medieval inhabitants of Toruń, carried out based on the anthropological examination of skeletons coming from the cemetery discovered at Wały gen. Sikorskiego Street in Toruń (site 114). Craniological measurements were used for the preliminary comparison of skulls from Toruń and skulls from selected, historical populations diversified both in chronological and geographical terms. There was also reconstructed the height of body of former Toruń inhabitants, which is presented against the background of other historical communities of Poland. It was also carried out a review of some of more interesting pathological changes, amongst others of inflammatory, infectious and metabolic nature, as well as traces of bone injuries and degenerative changes of joints. The population in question, living in the 14th–18th century in the city suburbs, in terms of size and proportions of skulls’ construction have some similarities to craniological series obtained from not too distant Słaboszewo, as well as from Wrocław and central Germany. Skull of men and women from Toruń in light of length-width indicator are short (brachycephalic). Body height of the analysed population is in the range of medium and low values. In this respect the inhabitants of Toruń suburb resemble even the early medieval population. The qualitative image of pathological changes recorded on the remains most likely does not differ from other skeletal populations from Pomerania and wider from Poland. Nevertheless, the population in question is characterized by a particularly high percentage of skulls showing cribra orbitalia. It can be also assumed that population of Toruń suburbs was not particularly exposed to the risk of skeleton injury. New skeletal materials, as well as modern research techniques, which we plan to apply in subsequent stages of research will enable, perhaps, even more detailed and indepth recognition of life history and circumstances of death of former Toruń inhabitants.
dc.language.iso pol
dc.rights Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Poland
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/pl/
dc.subject kościół św. Wawrzyńca
dc.subject Toruń
dc.subject populacja historyczna
dc.subject paleopatologie
dc.subject zmiany chorobowe
dc.subject stan zdrowia, materiał kraniologiczny
dc.subject materiał kraniologiczny
dc.subject St Lawrence’s church
dc.subject Toruń
dc.subject historic population
dc.subject palaeopatology
dc.subject lesions
dc.subject health condition
dc.subject craniological material
dc.title Ludność dawnego Torunia w świetle badań antropologicznych
dc.title.alternative Population of old Toruń in the light of anthropological research
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

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