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Vershina – a Polish village in Siberia. Factors influencing language maintenance under changing social, cultural, economic and political conditions

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dc.contributor.author Głuszkowski, Michał
dc.date.accessioned 2013-03-20T08:07:49Z
dc.date.available 2013-03-20T08:07:49Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation ESUKA - JEFUL 2 - 1, 2011, p. 157-170
dc.identifier.issn 1736-8987
dc.identifier.uri http://repozytorium.umk.pl/handle/item/434
dc.description.abstract Vershina was founded in 1910 by Polish voluntary settlers from Little Poland. During its first three decades Vershina preserved Polish language, traditions, farming methods and machines and also the Roman Catholic religion. The changes came to a village in taiga in the 1930’s. The village lost its former ethnocultural homogeneity because of Russian and Buryat workers in the local kolkhoz. Nowadays the inhabitants of Vershina regained their minority rights: they can pray in their own church, learn Polish in a local school and found cultural organisations. However, during the years of sovietization and ateization, their culture and customs became much more similar to other Siberian villages. Polish language in Vershina is under strong influence of Russian, which is the language of education, administration, and surrounding villages. Children from Polish-Russian families become monolingual and use Polish very rare, only as a school subject and in contacts with grandparents. The process of abandoning mother tongue in Vershina is growing rapidly. However, there are some factors which may hinder the actual changes: the activity of local Polish organisations and Roman Catholic parish as well as folk group “Jazhumbek”.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher University of Tartu
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Poland
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/pl/
dc.subject Vershina
dc.subject Siberia
dc.subject Poles
dc.subject minority
dc.subject language island
dc.subject cultural island
dc.subject bilingualism
dc.subject diglossia
dc.subject language maintenance
dc.subject language death
dc.title Vershina – a Polish village in Siberia. Factors influencing language maintenance under changing social, cultural, economic and political conditions
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article


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