Humberto Maturana’s view on the theory of evolution. From autopoiesis to natural drift metaphor

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dc.contributor.author Podgórski, Jacek S.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-02T18:18:45Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-02T18:18:45Z
dc.date.issued 2010-07-15
dc.identifier.citation Ecological Questions, Vol. 13, pp. 81-87
dc.identifier.issn 1644-7298
dc.identifier.other doi:10.12775/v10090-010-0019-7
dc.identifier.uri http://repozytorium.umk.pl/handle/item/2224
dc.description.abstract Today in the scientific circle Humberto Romensin Maturana is considered the creator of the so-called Santiago School of Biology (also known as Biology of Cognition). Biology of Cognition is a research programme seeking an explanation of the phenomenon of cognitive functions of living organisms through the concepts of self-organization (from dynamical systems theory) and structural coupling (from cybernetics). Maturana’s novel view is based upon research conducted with such prominent scientists like Warren McCulloch, Francisco J. Varela or Heinz von Foerseter. After many years of study of complex organic systems the research resulted in formulation of the following theories: autopoiesis of living systems (with F. J. Varela) and the evolutionary metaphor of natural drift (with J. Mpodozis). Theory of autopoiesis (self-production) shows how organic cells organize themselves in producing inner organic self components needed for maintaining homeostatis, natural barriers and remaining cognitive at the molecular level. By contrast, the metaphor of natural drift can be understood as the history of diversification and adaptation of species in relation to many structural levels of the environment. The following article constitutes a brief introduction to a critical way of thinking of the said Chilean theoretical biologist and philosopher, established during his long-lasting research. The paper will outline the basic concepts and theoretical implications relevant to modern biological sciences, with particular emphasis on the classical theory of evolution.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Poland
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/pl/
dc.subject Santiago School of Biology
dc.subject self-organization
dc.subject principles of biological autonomy
dc.subject structural coupling
dc.subject enactive approach
dc.title Humberto Maturana’s view on the theory of evolution. From autopoiesis to natural drift metaphor
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

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